Commodity corn is becoming one of the most interested in agribusiness in Indonesia. Corn is one of the main food crops other than rice and soybeans (Rusastra et al. 2004). Corn is one of strategic commodities in agricultural development and Indonesia’s economy. Given the commodities have a multipurpose function. Either for food or feed. Corn is used as livestock and pet food are also milled into corn flour (comstarch) for food products, drinks, paper coatings, and pharmaceuticals. Some countries corn was made into alcohol as fuel vehicles to reduce pollution (Park. 2001).
This condition is signaled to investors that the corn had a better marketing prospects. Area for agricultural of food crops on wetlands based on Regional Landscaping Plan covering an area approximately 39.357 ha are scattered all over the town in the Gowa district provisions of the agriculture and food crops on dry land or less 17,756 ha especially Bontonompo District, Parigi, Tinggimoncong, Tombolo Pao, Tompobulu. Seed is the most important input in agriculture (Paliwal, 2000). Since the agricultural revitalization Jatiluhur was declared in 2005. Increased efforts to harvest hybrid corn area increased steadily and in 2008 crop acreage of corn hybrids come close to 56% of the total area land of corn use recorded 4.25 million hectares (Bisnis Indonesia. www.pertanian.go.id). Even data from the Directorate of Seeding in 2008 showed that by the end of 2008. The data distributions of corn hybrids have reached 57.4%. The composite 16.75% and local varieties was 25.81%. The hybrid corn seed single cross formed from crosses of the two inbrida as elder constituent (males and females).
In 2009, the results achieved in seed composition 1:2 in Bajeng Village, Gowa Regency can reach 1.18 t/ha due to the composition of seed crops yield is high enough to reach 50.52% in Bajeng, Gowa. In celebration of world food day 31th Government takes the theme Maintaining price stability and access to national wealthy food . Corn is expected in the future to be one of the perfect solution for reducing the consumption of rich is increasing. Indonesia has promoted programs One Day No Rice . Local food utilization does need to be constantly improved. as one of the solutions in strengthening food security efforts. According to the Food Price Watch. global food prices in 2011 are significantly higher than in 2010. Since the food crisis hit in 2007 until now.
Commodity prices corn rises to highest position with 84%, followed by the sugar 62%, wheat 55%, and 47% soybean oil. In addition to wheat. cassava. corn and sago. actually has a huge potential to replace rice. Because corn is a source of carbohydrates as well as rice and can be the raw material for a wide range of processed products. In some areas in Indonesia such as in Madura and Nusa Tenggara have been using corn as a staple food. Nowadays, United States also made corn as an alternative food source. In fact Indonesia has a great potential to become a global exporter for corn along with producer countries and other corn in the world in the next five years.
Beef demand in Indonesia is currently met from three sources, namely local cattle, the fattening result of imported cattle and beef imports from abroad. Livestockespecially in beef cattle are investment opportunities that become sub-sector priorities in the field of Agriculture. This investment is quite feasible to do with the availability of land area in several provinces that have possibilities for the construction of Cattle. The availability of comprehensive oil palm land to make Indonesia as a very promising area for businesses in the livestock sector. The waste from palm oil can be taken oilcake, midrib and solid as cow feed.
Cattle breeding is one kind of activity than livestock ranch ruminant goats, sheep, buffaloes and horses are generally developed Indonesian society. Compared to other ruminant livestock, dairy farms more prominent and dominant. This can be seen from the production, population and demand for beef are relatively high and increasing.
In the province of South Kalimantan, the largest cattle population centers were in Tanah Laut regency. Cattle population in Tanah Laut regency tail reaches 51.190 (2013). While the type of cattle that are developed are Bali cow, Brahman and Crossbreed cows “Ongole” (PO).
In order to increase competitive advantage, businesses in the fields of animal husbandry continues to be driven into agribusiness into the industrial age, with the hope of Tanah Laut is no longer sending live cattle out of the area but it has been in the form of fresh meat along with other processed products. To that end, efforts to modernize facilities Slaughter House (RPH) continues. Processed beef products that can be cultivated so that the economic value include meatballs, corned beef, shredded, dried meat, sausages and salami.
The availability of natural resources and abundant human resources is the potential of Pekalongan regency, which can be developed into a productive area in the field of natural resource-based economy. The land area of ??potential for fattening beef cattle around 11.298,03 hectares scattered in several regions, including the Districts of Talun, Doro, Karanganyar, Kajen, and Kesesi. The sub-district is the largest beef cattle producer. Pekalongan Regency has a great potential in the agricultural sector, especially the field of animal husbandry. As for the beef cattle population by the year 2013 as many as 17.501 animals, with marketing for local, national and regional. Seeing the condition of the natural resources available opportunities prospective agribusiness farms.
Bali cattle have advantages in terms of fertility, weight gain every day, tolerance to heat and the male libido. Sapi Bali from such studies are fertile, thus potentially be used as cattle seed selection. Fertility Bali cattle 83% -86% better than European cattle which average a 60% fertility. The age of sexual maturity of 18 months. The percentage of births of Bali cattle mated amount to 83.4%, while the percentage of stillborn relatively small, approximately 3.65%. Another advantage Bali cattle, even without fed amplifier capable of utilizing low-quality forage, and impaired growth.
Investment pattern that can be used in Klungkung regency is a business partnership (the company serves as the company’s core breeding farm people while functioning as plasma) or stand alone as a livestock company. But should investors dairy farms in the District of Klungkung using a partnership with the local community, so that potential investors do not have to buy or rent land for growing forage fodder for forage can be grown around the farm community by using a system of three levels (STS) who have successfully tested in the District of Nusa Penida.
National beef demand is increasing from year to year. National beef production in 2014 amounted to 430,000 tons, and the 2015 target of 530,000 tons. However, the availability of the national beef is still less than the requirement. In 2015 the national beef needs estimated at 580,000 tons. The beef will still be a deficit of 0.04 million tonnes. Beef demand is higher than production so that investment in cattle is promising to be realized. Indonesian society beef consumption is still very low at 2.1 kg / capita / year. The difference in demand and supply ability of domestic beef market is an opportunity for potential investors in domestic beef cattle fattening.
Investment opportunities in the field of dairy farms in Sumbawa has technical feasibility can be done in the form of cattle breeding and fattening cattle. The pattern of development of dairy farms using cage systems and Lar system. Utilasation of grazing together (Lar) system in Sumbawa generally uses a system of grazing in the Lar and not grounded. Sumbawa regency has the support of farm land or Lar amounted to 501.284 ST (Livestock Unit).
The amount of rainfall per year on average to below 2,000 mm. Local cattle race is a type of cattle are most appropriate for cultivated or fattened. Sumbawa has a kind of local cows are able to live in a dry area / little water.
Prospective investors are most appropriate use of local cattle race for cultivated or fattened, as it has proven its ability to adapt and survive in a tropical climate conditions and relatively dry. Type the local cattle which have been developed in the area of ??Sumbawa is Sumbawa Bali cattle and cattle. Sumbawa Regency farm areas free from infectious animal diseases strategic, such as Rabies, Jembrana, Brucellocis and Septichaema Epizootica1.
The most suitable investment pattern is the core plasma. Because investors can not own or monopolize a Lar, the type of cattle most appropriate developed a race of local cattle and maintenance costs cows least expensive is to use a system of grazing, then investments cattle farming in Sumbawa is best to use a pattern plasma core where capital and technology in the form of cattle may come from investors.
Other areas of considerable potential for cattle breeding business, among others Banggai Islands Regency, Kebumen Regency, Lamandau Regency, Tanah Laut Regency, Pemalang Regency, Pekalongan Regency, Grobongan Regency and Boyolali Regency.
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